How to Choose Wallpaper. Part 1. Types of Wallpaper
There are a lot of types of wallpaper of different color, texture and price. Average wallpaper serve is about five years. After that it is better to redecorat and change wallpaper coverage.
Types of Wallpaper
The name speaks for itself. This type of wallpaper can be simplex (one layer) or duplex (two or more layers), smooth and textured. If you want paint your wallpaper, it is better to choose embossed duplex or coarse-fibered wallpaper (highly compressed wood chips between two layers of paper). Advantages include a low cost and an easy installation. And the disadvantage is short life of this wallpaper and also it can’t hide the defects of the walls. It can be installed in almost any room with low humidity and pollution. The best models can hold up to ten years.
Fleece wallpaper consists of non-woven textile and cellulose fibers. This wallpaper has excellent sound and heat insulation, but at the same time it quickly absorbs dust, odors and moisture. During fleece wallpaper installation you have to apply special glue only to a wall (unlike during paper wallpaper installation, when you have to apply glue both to wallpaper and wall). It makes installation process much easier. Fleece wallpaper can be painted several times with water-based, acrylic or latex paints. Fleece wallpaper is removed easy and simple. Fleece base does not need to be eliminated; you can install new wallpaper on this base.
Vinyl wallpaper is the most persistent; it isn’t afraid of wet cleaning and direct sunlight. Its basis is paper, on which vinyl material is applied. There are several types of vinyl wallpaper based on vinyl’s structure: foam, flat, dense and screen wallpaper. All types of vinyl wallpaper have high resistance to moisture and ultraviolet; you can clean them with detergent and also they withstand temperature changes. In appearance vinyl wallpaper can imitate any interesting textures, for example, wood textured plaster, stone, leather, marble, silk and so on. The only disadvantage is its price; comparing to paper wallpaper vinyl wallpaper’s price is higher.
Textile wallpaper has a paper base on which woven material is applied. This woven material can be replaced by a filament made of viscose, cotton, linen, silk, nylon or velour. Sometimes the paper base is replaced by acrylic or fleece for better sound and thermal isolation. It looks and feels like fabric: velvet, suede, silk, linen or cotton – depending on the composition. As any fabric, textile wallpaper is afraid of moisture, quickly absorbs odors and needs clean and fresh conditions. Because of the manufacturing complexity the price of the textile wallpapers is high.
Fiberglass wallpaper is produced from quartz sand, limestone, dolomite and soda, and then it is woven. It is the leader among all types of wallpaper for its fire, dust and chemicals resistance, and it also doesn’t cause allergic reactions, doesn’t accumulate static electricity or emit harmful and toxic substances. It can be installed on all surfaces including concrete, brick, plaster, wood, metal and other. Fiberglass wallpaper is often used to hide surface defects and it is common in public spaces.
Liquid wallpaper has a form of an emulsion or powder that has to be mixed with water. It contains cellulose, cotton and textile fibers. Liquid wallpaper is applied to the wall with a roller or spray gun. It doesn’t have borders, hides minor surface defects, can be mixed with special paints and it is presented in a wild assortment of color and texture.
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